Cathedral Layout

Cathedral Layout

Jump to section

Notre-Dame Cathedral is the largest religious building built in Europe in the 12th century. It stands as a testament to the real technological feat achieved by architects of the Middle Ages.

Like most French cathedrals, Notre-Dame de Paris draws a plan in the shape of a Latin cross. Its main facade is oriented west-north-west, and the apse is oriented east-south-east. The cathedral can hold up to 9,000 people, including 1,500 in the stands.

Notre-Dame Cathedral Dimensions

  • Total area: over 6,000 m2 (64,000 ft2)
  • Length: 128 m (420 ft)
  • Width: 48 m (157 ft)
  • Tower height: 69 m (226 ft)
  • Façade width: 43.5 m (142 ft)
  • Façade height without towers: 45 m (147 ft)
  • Choir length: 38 m (124 ft)
  • Choir width: 12 m (39 ft)
  • Nave length: 60 m (196 ft)
  • Central nave width: 13 m (42 ft)
  • Width of each side aisle: 5.9 m (19 ft)
  • Height under nave roof: 43 m (141 ft)
  • Nave and choir vault height: 33 m (108 ft)
  • Transept length: 48 m (157 ft)
  • Transept width: 14 m (46 ft)
  • Number of windows: 113
  • Diameter of western rose window: 9.7 m (31.8 ft)
  • Diameter of north and south rosettes: 13.1 m (43 ft)
  • Number of columns and pillars: 75
  • Interior surface area: 4,800 m2 (51,667 ft2)